West Java is an area that stores indigenous wealth. One of them is the traditional ceremony of West Java. The traditional ceremonies owned by the province are very diverse. Starting from religion, agriculture, birth and others. This cultural heritage continues to be preserved by the community until now.
As a citizen of West Java, it has become an obligation to participate in preserving traditional ceremonies. But for the people of other provinces, studying the cultural heritage of West Java is one form of love for the homeland. The cultural heritage can also be used as an educational tourist destination.
Cultural tourism can not only educate Indonesian people but also attract foreign tourists. Through tourism, culture can be introduced to everyone in the world. The traditional ceremony is expected to be known by the wider community so that it is maintained.
Traditional Ceremony of West Java Bertema Religi
The number one traditional ceremony that contains religious elements is shura porridge. This activity has no connection at all as Ashura Day which is generally interpreted as the day of the death of one of the Islamic leaders, Hussein. The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad died in some way in Karbala.
Residents where organizing traditional West Java ceremonies with religious nuances are the people of Cilacap. The Islam tradition is often associated with one of the Prophets, Noah. In addition, it is also associated with Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Sri who is the Goddess of Fertility in Javanese beliefs.
The tradition is held outside the house of one of the members of the residents is considered capable of menyelengenggaranya. This activity brings a lot of completeness such as offerings, art, sacred objects to porridge making tools.
The next religious-themed Javanese Barat traditional ceremony is ngalungsur heirloom. The religious ceremony is led by a key more often called kuncen. In that tradition also introduced the relics of The Holy Sunan Rohmat. This thing continues to be preserved by local residents.
In the series of ceremonial processes, participants can see the process of bathing heirloom objects. Participants can recognize what and what the heritage of the Sacred Sunan Rohmat relics looks like in their area. These heirloom objects are a symbol of the struggle of Sunan Rohmat Kudus when spreading islam.
Pilgrimage in the Framework of West Java Traditional Ceremony
The first traditional pilgrimage-shaped ceremony is rebo wekasan. The pilgrimage was generally organized by residents around the Drajat River, Cirebon. The form of activity is to visit the tomb of Sunan Kalijaga. The implementation time is Wednesday precisely the last week of shafar month according to the hijri calendar.
Wednesday’s election of the last week of Shafar month has a certain meaning. His election was based on the assumption that the time was the best day in eliminating reinforcements and misfortunes. Budaya who also participated in the rebo wekasan is a rowing competition. Generally, the competition is held after the traditional ceremony is over.
The traditional Javanese Barat ceremony themed on the next pilgrimage is ngunjung or munjung. The name of this tradition is originally said to be a visit, namely pilgrimage and pray at the resting place of the ancestors. This tradition increases the gratitude of the citizens for the blessings that have been received so far.
Residents of Indramayu, Cirebon and surrounding areas generally carry out the tradition in the tombs of ancestors and religious figures are respected or considered sacred. The purpose of the tradition is to ask for the salvation of life. The tradition of gratitude is generally held after the rice harvest.
In the tradition accompanied by puppet shows and theatrics as a typical regional art. In addition , the community also presents various special culinary such as rice tumpeng and other kinds of traditional culinary in accordance with the recommended.
Form of Gratitude for God’s Grace Through West Java Traditional Ceremony
In addition to religious themes, there are also various traditional ceremonies held as a form of gratitude for the abundance of grace results in making a living from nature. There are various kinds of community efforts in making a living in nature, ranging from farming to going to sea. The community then performs a tradition in order to thank nature.
The first traditional ceremony of the theme is the sea party. The location of the implementation of the tradition in Pangandaran Ciamis and Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. In addition, it is also carried out in various coastal areas of West Java. In its preparations, fishermen carry offerings in their perahu have previously been arranged with various decorations.
One of the offerings in the tradition is a buffalo head wrapped in a white cloth. This offerings were sunk into the sea as a symbol of offering to the sea guards and to resist reinforcements. The tradition is celebrated every year as a form of gratitude and hope for salvation when seeking sustenance at sea.
West Java traditional ceremony as a form of gratitude for the blessings of the creator is next is ngalaksa. Different from sea parties often carried out by fishermen, ngalaksa organized by farmers. This tradition is commonly carried out by residents of Ranca Kalong, Sumedang.
The process of implementing ngalaksa is to transport rice to the barn using cassava (long hollow bamboo is generally used to carry rice). The event is in June. An interesting point of the tradition is the sound of rengkong music that is shaken when walking.
Ngalaksa has the intention of expressing syukur residents for the success of the harvest when farming. People never forget God’s role in life’s success. After obtaining favors when harvesting, the community always carries out ngalaksa as a form of thanks to the creator.
West Java Adat Ceremony Wedding Tradition Until Pregnancy
West Java has a lot of traditional ceremonies. In fact, at the wedding there is not only 1 ceremony. Among the ceremonies in the wedding is neundeun by the way. The tradition is a visit by a male parent to a female parent in order to meet and convey the intention to apply.
After that, ngalamar was carried out, which is a tradition in the form of visits by male parents in order to ask the woman. In this tradition, the wedding plan of the bride and groom is designed. Then, there was also a seserahan, namely the process of handing over the bridegroom to the woman’s parents to marry.
After a wife experiences pregnancy, a tingkepan is carried out. This tradition is carried out after the wife conceived her child for 7 months. The original tingkepan said tingkep has a closed meaning. The meaning is that the mother-to-be is forbidden to mix with her husband within 40 days after giving birth.
Traditional West Java ceremonies are often filled with studies and bathing the mother who is pregnant. In the tradition is also presented rujak kanistren, which is rujak consists of 7 types or types. The mother will be bathed in 7 closest family members by pouring seven kinds of flower water .
On the 7th wicket, an eel was inserted to touch the mother’s stomach. The tradition aims to expect the safety of the baby in the womb. In addition, it is also to maintain the health of the mother by reducing the portion of work because the pregnancy period is large.
West Java has a variety of traditions that continue to be maintained and preserved by the local community. Almost every aspect of life is commemorated with tradition, from marriage, pregnancy, making a living to making pilgrimages to honor ancestors. Shura porridge, rebo wekasan and sea parties are some examples of west Java’s traditional upacara.